Plasmon-Enhanced Hydrogen Evolution on Specific Facet of Silver Nanocrystals
Tsung-Rong Kuo,*ab, Yi-Cheng Lee,c Hung-Lung Chou,*d Chuan-Yu Wei,e Cheng-Yen Wen,e Swathi MG,c Yi-Hsuan Chang,c Xi-Yu Pana and Di-Yan Wang*c
Hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) from electrocatalytic water splitting is a promising technology to provide clean energy with low environmental impact for the future. In this work, plasmonic silver nanocubes (AgNCs) with (100) facet and silver nanooctahedrons (AgNOs) with (111) facet were applied as the light-harvesting catalysts for enhancing hydrogen production in the plasmon-activated HER electrochemical system. As light harvesters, AgNCs and AgNOs can efficiently absorb light ranging from ultraviolet to near-infrared to generate hot electrons for facilitating electrocatalytic HER. Both AgNCs and AgNOs revealed the light-harvesting capability to improve HER activities with laser irradiation. Moreover, the current densities of AgNOs with (111) facet were higher than those of AgNCs with (100) facet for electrocatalytic HER under irradiations with three different laser wavelengths. The density function theory (DFT) simulations revealed the adsorption energy of the surfaces followed the order Ag(111) < Ag(100), indicating that the hydrogen could be easily desorbed on the Ag(111) surface for HER. Both the experimental HER results and DFT simulations expressed that AgNOs with (111) facet were the excellent light harvesters in this study. Based on the DFT simulations of the H-Ag(111) and H-Ag(100) systems, the findings could be extended to other plasmon-enhanced HER electrochemical systems and would enable electrocatalysts to be tailored at the atomic level.